Russian telecom operators deploying 5G NSA: the Moscow government minister
DIT Moscow has created Russia’s first 5G lab to solve urban problems. This is a unique platform on the basis of which any business, from startups to already mature organizations, can test their solutions for free and demonstrate them to the city, said Eduard Lysenko, Minister of the City Government of Moscow.
1) What percentage of Russia is already exposed to the power of 5G networks?
– Russia has yet to start commercial implementation of 5G. This is mainly due to the fact that before investing in the deployment of fifth generation commercial networks, key players in the telecommunications industry test the technology itself and the services that can be implemented on the basis of the 5G. For this, since 2018, telecom operators are actively creating a pilot and testing 5G zones in different cities. The largest number of pilot areas is in Moscow – about 30.
The work within the pilot area makes it possible to develop interaction scenarios between 5G and previous generation networks, to study its possibilities and application scenarios. Thus, operators can analyze which solutions will be requested by users. And the users, in this case, can be both the subscribers and the cities themselves because the fifth generation communication technologies will allow the implementation of fundamentally new projects in the areas of urban services, security, culture, tourism, education and health.
2) 5G will bring several new use cases to life; What is Moscow doing to lead the development of new use cases?
– By solving the problems of the city’s economy with the help of 5G-based services, the Moscow city government can act as the main customer of these solutions and boost the development of the telecommunications industry . And this, in turn, will have a positive effect on the quality of services that operators provide to citizens. Thus, we have defined four priority areas in which the city is particularly interested in the use of fifth generation communication networks, and we are actively supporting companies in researching scenarios for the use of 5G in these sectors – health , transport, security and education.
To this end, DIT Moscow has established Russia’s first 5G lab to solve urban problems. It is a unique platform on the basis of which any company, from startups to already mature organizations, can test their solutions for free and demonstrate them to the city. In the future, these solutions can be tested in a real urban environment, and the most efficient ones can be put into commercial operation.
For example, at the 5G demonstration center in Moscow, three projects have already been tested: the solution to visualize and work with the BIM project on the construction site in real time, the project to create a multifunctional complex for the needs of computer-based drones Vision algorithms and wireless optical communication technology solution FSO, where instead of radio frequencies for data transmission uses a laser.
Another important direction for Moscow is the creation of 5G industrial test sites. The agreement on this subject in June at the international economic forum in St. Petersburg was signed by the mayor of Moscow Sergei Sobyanin and the largest Russian communications operator. The 5G proving grounds are the real territories of the city, where a full-fledged fifth-generation network is deployed, and the complex of digital decisions based on 5G is tested. The Moscow government established the first test site on the basis of the Botkin Hospital. It will make it possible to test and implement new solutions and developments in this field in Moscow health as quickly as possible.
3) What spectrum was mainly used by operators in Russia / Moscow to bring 5G networks to life?
– Currently, operators are testing networks in the 4.4-4.9 GHz and 27 GHz bands.
4) Moscow already has a ton of live public Wi-Fi hotspots; Does this help telecom operators avoid mobile network congestion?
– Today there are more than 22,000 access points to the city’s Wi-Fi network in Moscow. Undoubtedly, they partially unload the mobile network, but the key objective that the city sets for itself in developing Wi-Fi is to give residents and tourists the possibility of using the Internet for free to communicate, study and solve tasks. daily. This corresponds to the concept of “city as a service”, according to which the team of the mayor of Moscow, Sergei Sobyanin, develops the capital as a smart city. We do everything we can to ensure that citizens have the opportunity to get the digital services they need at the right time, and the City Wi-Fi Network is helping to create the conditions for that.
5) How soon do you think 5G networks would be available PAN-Russia?
– According to the federal roadmap, mass commercial networks should be deployed in Russia by 2024. In Moscow, we expect the appearance of 5G networks as early as 2022.
6) Are telecom operators in Russia / Moscow deploying 5G NSA or 5G SA?
âIn Moscow, operators are deploying 5G NSA networks. This solution makes it possible to exploit the basic advantages of fifth generation networks and to test 5G services at the relatively low cost of modernizing telecoms infrastructures.
7) Will Russia allow Chinese suppliers like ZTE or Huawei in its network ecosystem to go ahead?
– I understand that this question is of particular interest to your readers in the context of claims that ZTE and Huawei have not been granted permission to test 5G in India. As for Russia, at the moment our country has federal restrictions on the use of foreign solutions in 5G networks. If foreign companies, and not just Chinese ones, decide to locate 5G production in accordance with the requirements of the Ministry of Industry and Trade, they will be able to participate in the construction of 5G communication networks.
8) Are you following the 5G developments in India?
– Of course, the Moscow DTI closely follows the development of 5G in different countries. In collaboration with the city’s digital technologies portal, ICT. In Moscow, we publish a monthly digest of global news in this area, which regularly includes reports on the progress of 5G network testing in India. We also conduct an annual review of new global 5G practices. Just recently, we published such a review for 2021. It includes over 140 cases from 34 countries, as well as an analysis of 5G applications around the world. I’m sure in the next digest we’ll see some promising practices being implemented in India.
9) Does everyone in Moscow already have 4G coverage?
– In Moscow, 4G coverage reaches 99%, that is, high-quality cellular and mobile internet communications are available throughout the city. Thanks to this, Muscovites can use the city’s entire digital ecosystem and business service options at any time. According to statistics from DIT analysts, more than 90% of Moscow residents use the Internet, of which more than 70% are users of various online services.
The digital activity of Muscovites and their assured mastery of online tools are prompting many major players in the capital’s IT market to pay even more attention to the quality and variety of their digital products. Ultimately, this leads to the development of digital ecosystems not only of the city but also of private companies, to the emergence of new online solutions that make city life even more comfortable and practical.
For example, in terms of the level of development of cellular operator ecosystems, Moscow is among the top five in the world. These results were obtained during research from DIT Moscow, in which the ecosystems of 30 telecommunications operators from the 11 largest mega-cities in the world were compared, including Tokyo, Singapore, Beijing, London, Berlin, Paris and others.
10) How will 5G help Moscow with its smart city plans?
– Moscow is already one of the smartest megalopolises in the world. Technology is being introduced here into absolutely every sector of the urban economy and social sphere, and residents can solve virtually any day-to-day problem online anytime and from any device. The further development of Moscow as a digital megalopolis involves the use of artificial intelligence, virtual and augmented reality, and the Internet of Things.
It is these technologies that will make the existing digital city management tools even more efficient, faster and more precise. And their implementation is inextricably linked with the deployment of 5G networks, because it is the fifth generation network that allows the required signal transmission speed and the simultaneous operation of a large number of devices, which is particularly important for IoT based solutions.
11) What are the technological breakthroughs that Russia / Moscow has already achieved with 5G?
– It is too early to talk about disruptions, but the foundations that we are creating with telecom operators and research institutes will undoubtedly allow us to maximize the effect of the introduction of 5G once it will appear.