Improving 5G Trench Networks for the Transformation of Industry 4.0, IT News, ET CIO

By Vinay Devadatta

Across all verticals (e.g. manufacturing, retail, healthcare), core operations are being transformed towards greater efficiency and safer product creation, through increased automation, commonly referred to as Industry 4.0. The first industrial revolution occurred with the discovery and exploitation of steam, water and mechanization. After a century this was followed by the second industrial revolution in assembly-line manufacturing which enabled mass production with predictable quality. The transformation of Industry 3.0 has brought about the use of electronic and computer systems to automate various operations.

The current revolution is focused on moving beyond automation silos for end-to-end automation, real, closed-loop actions fueled by real-time information collection and decision-making across the entire data chain. value of industries. The transformation of Industry 4.0 is not limited to the manufacturing site or the workshop, but envisions generating a cohesive interaction across the entire ecosystem, spanning suppliers and end customers.

This is caused by the exchange of information from multiple sources such as IoT (Internet of Things) sensors in factories, continuous supply chain information, first-hand consumer information, etc. It is obvious that reliable and secure transmission of information in real time is essential. to the successful transformation of Industry 4.0. Meeting the communication needs of basic vertical industries operations is easier said than done. Unlike meeting the needs of companies in different segments of the industry (e.g. videoconferencing for all hands), when it comes to basic operations (e.g. remote assisted medical procedure), consider critical mission and business contexts with broad ramifications.

Communication Service Providers (CSPs) are eager to explore this opportunity that the transformation of Industry 4.0 has offered. To make the journey of incorporation communication services easier and more engaging, CSPs need to reinvent their traditional way of delivering services. FSCs should adopt an approach that enables them to meet a variety of dynamic evolving communication needs of different industries. In this context, the advent of 5G sliced ​​technology is gaining in importance due to its inherent ability to deliver differentiated and guaranteed services at scale. This capacity of the 5G network must be exploited efficiently as well as enrichment from the point of view of services and business processes. Here are some proactive steps that can be taken by CSPs


The communication needs of vertical industries can be very different from each other. Even within an industry, different organizations can offer a variety of innovative transformation processes with different communication needs. For example, the communications service required to automate the pharmaceutical industry’s shop floor is quite different from that required to monitor the global distribution and storage of drugs in a strictly temperature-controlled manner. Varying service needs are not only about quality and bandwidth, but there is also a need to meet demand for a variety of security requirements, compliance with different local government regulations, alignment with business models , etc. CSPs need to create a management platform that is flexible enough to simultaneously meet this changing demand, at optimal cost.


For business and mission-critical applications, an initial service guarantee is essential. If the communication services are at their best, they are unreliable and a backup plan must be put in place. Because of this vertical industry would not implement a critical process that must rely on a guaranteed communication service. Using dedicated 5G slices and isolated CSPs can provide a level of assurance that was not possible before. However, to be profitable, network deployment must be well planned.

Many verticals may be willing to take advantage of 5G services as long as they can be guaranteed in advance for the critical duration of the service. This would require CSPs and verticals to exchange information on specific future needs and guaranteed availability of services, at a specific time and place. This requires two-way visibility in which the CSP management platform can accept and consume information about future industry needs, ensuring consumers have visibility into the availability and accessibility of services at the location / the desired geography and time.

Added value

The bundling of services other than traditional communication services can motivate verticals to make the most of CSP offerings. Value-added services can be technical services such as local storage and backup, edge cloud for hosting vertical applications, trust services based on blockchain technology. These services must be well integrated to ensure a seamless experience for the verticals. CSPs can also provide services that help meet local privacy and regulatory needs, so verticals can focus on their core businesses.


The pandemic has made the financial situation precarious for many industries. Early adopters of 5G services would certainly examine the financial viability of the service in addition to its alignment with their operational and business models. For example, a hospital may want to continue monitoring the patient’s post-surgical procedure for a week after discharge. The hospital should be able to request guaranteed broadband service for a week. CSPs must deliver products that exactly match the needs.


Vertical industries cannot afford to experiment with advanced technologies if they belong to another industry (communication industry). They would not know the possible failure scenarios and how to mitigate them. Therefore, the services offered to verticals must be rigorously validated and verified. Customers need to be assured that the service will work as expected from day one.

The transformations of Industry 4.0 have opened a new path for 5G sliced ​​services. To promote rapid adoption of services, CSPs should create communication services that are ready to deploy and aligned with vertical needs that meet a plethora of different requirements. The flexibility offered by 5G trench networks must be increased with additional capacities in the management layers and additional innovative services to catalyze the transformation of Industry 4.0.

The author is Practice Head – Innovation & Industry Relations Wipro Limited.

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