Processing Of Data – Infiweb http://infiweb.org/ Fri, 07 Jan 2022 18:21:54 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://infiweb.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/icon-1-150x150.png Processing Of Data – Infiweb http://infiweb.org/ 32 32 Pension processing times increase again at the end of 2021 https://infiweb.org/pension-processing-times-increase-again-at-the-end-of-2021/ Fri, 07 Jan 2022 16:09:06 +0000 https://infiweb.org/pension-processing-times-increase-again-at-the-end-of-2021/ After a brief reprieve in November, the processing time for federal pension applications slowed further in the last month of the year. The average monthly claims processing time in December fell to 92 days, on par with the average August through October, after dropping to 79 days in November. The latest pension data from the […]]]>

After a brief reprieve in November, the processing time for federal pension applications slowed further in the last month of the year. The average monthly claims processing time in December fell to 92 days, on par with the average August through October, after dropping to 79 days in November.

The latest pension data from the Office of Personnel Management also showed that so far average processing times for the fiscal year increased to 89 days in December, from 88 days in November. While still shorter than the October peak, average exercise times have not dropped below 80 days since then.

New federal pension claims fell in December, as did the number processed. New requests stood at 7,569 in December, up from 8,266 in November, while the number processed fell to 7,200 after 8,010 processed in November. The backlog increased by 369 claims to 26,730 last month, which is still more than double OPM’s steady state target of 13,000 claims.

Initial retirement files produced in less than 60 days on average took 44 days to process; while cases that were produced in more than 60 days on average took 114 days to complete, the OPM said in its report. The agency has struggled to process claims at pre-pandemic levels as its own workforce and those of the agencies that provide it with information about the staff to handle these claims are increasingly remote.


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For vehicle data, GDPR is just the start | Fox Rothschild LLP https://infiweb.org/for-vehicle-data-gdpr-is-just-the-start-fox-rothschild-llp/ Wed, 05 Jan 2022 17:40:10 +0000 https://infiweb.org/for-vehicle-data-gdpr-is-just-the-start-fox-rothschild-llp/ For vehicle data, GDPR is just the start, the German regional government of Brandenburg said in a Q&A. Stay tuned for data governance law. Here are some key points: Car manufacturers must comply with the GDPR when collecting and processing data. To this end, the customer’s consent to the use of their data (for example, […]]]>

For vehicle data, GDPR is just the start, the German regional government of Brandenburg said in a Q&A. Stay tuned for data governance law.

Here are some key points:

  • Car manufacturers must comply with the GDPR when collecting and processing data. To this end, the customer’s consent to the use of their data (for example, in-vehicle systems such as car apps) must always be obtained at the time of purchase. They must also comply with the GDPR when processing personal data on driving behavior for their own purposes.
  • The GDPR is a good basis for ensuring the protection of data collected, processed and stored by modern vehicles. Legal requirements for “privacy by design” and “privacy by default” are important cornerstones that manufacturers must take into account when developing their products.
  • The large amounts of data accumulated in modern vehicles and developments in autonomous and networked driving repeatedly raise questions about the rights of storage, access, disposal and exploitation. In addition to the consistent implementation of regulations, this also necessitates other legal regulations. For example, the European regulations foreseen on data intermediaries in the law on data governance should be mentioned here.
  • Consumers must be able to decide individually whether and to whom to grant access to the datasets they have produced. In addition, consumers must be able to delete personal driving data at any time within the legal limits.

[View source.]


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McMenamins ransomware attack violated employee records 23 years ago https://infiweb.org/mcmenamins-ransomware-attack-violated-employee-records-23-years-ago/ Tue, 04 Jan 2022 00:05:00 +0000 https://infiweb.org/mcmenamins-ransomware-attack-violated-employee-records-23-years-ago/ McMenamins employees who haven’t worked at the hotel and brewery chain since the Clinton administration gained access to personal information in a ransomware attack last month, according to the Portland-based company. The attack violated current employee records and accessed information from former employees as early as 1998. According to McMenamins, cybercriminals have potentially gained access […]]]>

McMenamins employees who haven’t worked at the hotel and brewery chain since the Clinton administration gained access to personal information in a ransomware attack last month, according to the Portland-based company.

The attack violated current employee records and accessed information from former employees as early as 1998.

According to McMenamins, cybercriminals have potentially gained access to employee names, social security numbers, addresses, phone numbers, email addresses, dates of birth, income information, and performance and discipline records.

The company said it was “possible” for thieves to gain access to direct deposit information, including bank account numbers, but McMenamins said it couldn’t say for sure if that had happened.

While the channel informed employees who had worked for McMenamins since 2010 of the violation, it says it does not have contact details of employees who worked at the company between 1998 and 2010, so it has implemented a web page providing them with information.

“We are devastated by our people who have to do this, but urge them to vigilantly monitor their accounts and health information for anything unusual,” said Brian McMenamin, a family member who owns the channel, in a statement last week. .

The channel reiterated that it does not believe the hackers gained access to customers’ financial data, which is on a separate system from the one that was breached last month.

McMenamins has 56 hotels, theaters, bars and restaurants in Oregon and Washington. The company employs 2,700 people, but thousands more have worked for the chain in previous years.

McMenamins said he believed hackers breached his systems from December 7 and had access to them until the company found out about the attack on December 12. The company previously said it did not pay any ransom.

The attack disrupted the company’s phones, credit card processing and hotel reservations, but all of its locations remained open. However, many systems remain offline and McMenamins said they do not know when all systems will be restored.

Hotel guests have reported confusion and frustration with their reservations. McMenamins suggests that its clients call the properties directly for information on their reservations.

McMenamins provides credit monitoring and protection services to current and former employees, but if hackers gain access to birth dates, names and Social Security numbers, personal financial information could be endangered indefinitely.

Online detectives link the McMenamins attack to an obscure criminal organization called Conti. Federal law enforcement warned in September that Conti had struck more than 400 organizations in the United States and counted around the world by that time.

– Mike Rogoway | mrogoway@oregonian.com | Twitter: @rogoway |



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Omicron spread over Christmas still unclear, virologist says https://infiweb.org/omicron-spread-over-christmas-still-unclear-virologist-says/ Mon, 27 Dec 2021 17:13:00 +0000 https://infiweb.org/omicron-spread-over-christmas-still-unclear-virologist-says/ Posted: 17:13 December 27, 2021 Update: 5:32 PM December 27, 2021 A Norfolk virologist has said we won’t fully understand how the Omicron variant spreads until the end of next week. It comes as Health Secretary Sajid Javid has confirmed that no new Covid restrictions will be introduced until the New Year. But Mr Javid […]]]>

Posted:
17:13 December 27, 2021



Update:
5:32 PM December 27, 2021

A Norfolk virologist has said we won’t fully understand how the Omicron variant spreads until the end of next week.

It comes as Health Secretary Sajid Javid has confirmed that no new Covid restrictions will be introduced until the New Year.

But Mr Javid said people should “be careful,” take a lateral flow test before socializing and celebrate New Years Eve outdoors if possible – or have ventilation indoors if not.


Health Secretary Sajid Javid
– Credit: PA Wire / PA Images

Virus expert Professor Paul Hunter of the University of East Anglia School of Medicine said it was difficult to draw many conclusions from the data at this point.

In the days leading up to Christmas, he had said he was optimistic that the data suggested that Covid-19 cases were leveling off and that Omicron was not growing exponentially.

But he said data over the Christmas period would be very difficult to understand for a number of reasons.

He said: “The latest numbers are expected to be really insightful, but it probably comes close to the illusion.

“It’s for a number of reasons, but in my 40-year career, interpreting numbers around the holidays – and Christmas – is a nightmare.”

He said people were probably less likely to take and submit test results in the run-up to Christmas and Christmas Eve, Christmas Day and Boxing Day itself, while there was also a delay in processing samples over the Christmas period.

He added that the difficulties people faced in obtaining test kits in the days leading up to Christmas could also skew the statistics.

He said: “After that you get a bit of a rebound, but some people still won’t have the test results recorded, while there is a delay in processing as well.

“I would be very happy if the latest figures show the cases to remain stable. But the only thing that would really tell us a lot for sure is if the cases are skyrocketing. If that has happened, then we are clearly in trouble.”


Professor Paul Hunter of the UEA Norwich Medical School.  Photo: Bill Smith

Professor Paul Hunter.
– Credit: Archant 2013

Professor Hunter said it wouldn’t be until late next week that the data would become useful.

He said: “There is some pretty reassuring data and some pretty scary data and trying to find the balance is very difficult.

“Is it better to have intense pressure for a few weeks, or is it better to have less pressure, but over two months?”

“You are going to see doctors and nurses and there is, rightly, really worried about this spike, while much of the rest of the country might wish it to be overcome more quickly so that their activity is not scaled down.

“But there are also mental health issues to consider and children are at greater risk of being abused when restrictions that keep them at home are introduced.”


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A 30,000 foot view of retail banking from Google Cloud https://infiweb.org/a-30000-foot-view-of-retail-banking-from-google-cloud/ Thu, 23 Dec 2021 21:37:45 +0000 https://infiweb.org/a-30000-foot-view-of-retail-banking-from-google-cloud/ Zac Maufe, head of global banking solutions for Google Cloud, knows the biggest obstacle preventing US banks from moving to the cloud: inertia. Part of this is because we were the first to move. “Financial services were the first to adopt them dating back to the ’70s and’ 80s, and at that time they were […]]]>

Zac Maufe, head of global banking solutions for Google Cloud, knows the biggest obstacle preventing US banks from moving to the cloud: inertia. Part of this is because we were the first to move.

“Financial services were the first to adopt them dating back to the ’70s and’ 80s, and at that time they were very innovative, but that left them with a huge technological debt. ”

Today, financial companies are migrating to the cloud.

“We have been waiting for this for some time. “

The pandemic has accelerated the move to the cloud as banks pushed ahead with their digital transformation plans to deliver a much richer user experience, he added. Google sees many banks moving apps to the cloud, preferably using cloud-ready apps.

“Some financial institutions are doing lift and shift movements, and while this is probably faster, you don’t get many of the benefits of digital transformation because moving the legacy to the cloud is missing out. part of innovation. ”

There are mainframe emulators for the cloud, but they don’t perform as well as software developed for the cloud. Banks should see the move to the cloud as an opportunity to upgrade their technology, he suggested.

Applications tend to be followed by a data phase.

“More and more customers are realizing that processing data and on-site analysis is very difficult. Some financial companies have created Big Data Lakes to bypass product silos. However, without a common taxonomy for data, it can quickly become data swamps. The cloud can be a catalyst for these processes.

The emergence of AI and machine learning also works well with cloud computing, he said, citing fraud mitigation chatbots for customer service and automated loan processing, an area where the cloud offers great value by turning unstructured data into structured data.

“Finally, a lot of innovation in retail banking happens in the cloud. Most of the new generation fintechs are cloud-centric. If you’re only into the on-premise game, you’re missing out on the forefront.

Speaking between the December AWS outages, Maufe said a multi-cloud strategy is really important.

“We provide tools to make it easy to do. You want to have the interoperability of your applications to be able to switch them, we have tools to run so that you can run them in multiple clouds. Some people call multi-cloud analytics in one space and apps in another, but if you’re thinking about resiliency, that’s not the best way to go.

Asked about the latency created with two or more datacenters running the same data streams, he said latency is an issue, but there are ways to stream and have data grossly replicated.

Maufe has counted four big things he expects to see in banking for 2022.

“Embedded finance will really take off. We have seen it for a long time. The first time I entered carpooling and payment was integrated, that’s when I became Wow, this is the future of financial services. Financial products are catalysts for anything you want.

“Second, large-scale self-service. The Covid has really accelerated this. Branches – we’ve all learned to live without them when you do everything online from home. Digital natives really got that – how to do it all in the end-to-end app. We will get more apps like mortgages through self-service. I think that will be the new normal.

“The third trend is the democratization of the public cloud. We’ve seen what the cloud has done in retail and the ability to build a business very quickly, with almost infinite scale, and without having to pay up front for the technology. We’re starting to see it in the banking industry with market space as a building block and other capabilities on top of that and the differentiator around data, machine learning, and AI.

“The final trend – the US is finally going to catch up with Europe and APAC in the fintech space. We have seen Block and SoFi, along with other fintechs, start to gain momentum. It will be interesting to see how that will start to change the dynamics of the industry.

He sees more similarities than differences in cloud use across geographies, but differences between industry segments with capital markets and slightly early payments.

As a former chief data officer (and head of corporate strategy, head of digital channels and head of innovation) at Wells Fargo, he believes banks have been slow to use their data to improve business. client experience.

“All of these financial institutions grew up in product silos, so having a horizontal view of your data is a huge advantage. ”

Big banks have amazing data because they get a lot of data when someone applies for a loan.

“Your paycheck data goes to your main checking account, you have transaction data if the customer has a credit card or a debit card with you. It’s surprising how little data you need to get enough in-depth information about someone. It’s only being scratched now. It’s more difficult than being able to recommend a book based on a past purchase – financial services are much more complex than that.

“If you have kids and I don’t, our financial needs will be very different, so you need to dig deeper, which is why financial services have been a relationship business for so long – the advice and guidance has been guided by the human interaction. I think there are really the ingredients to do the same thing virtually.


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PGS: Ultima transforms seismic processing https://infiweb.org/pgs-ultima-transforms-seismic-processing/ Wed, 22 Dec 2021 09:53:11 +0000 https://infiweb.org/pgs-ultima-transforms-seismic-processing/ PGS Ultima addresses the long-standing challenge of building full-bandwidth terrestrial models and in a recent First Break article, the PGS authors present sample data from the Gulf of Mexico and Brazil to illustrate the effectiveness of this. new tool. PGS Ultima is equivalent to performing full waveform inversion (FWI) and least squares migration (LSM) simultaneously, […]]]>

PGS Ultima addresses the long-standing challenge of building full-bandwidth terrestrial models and in a recent First Break article, the PGS authors present sample data from the Gulf of Mexico and Brazil to illustrate the effectiveness of this. new tool.

PGS Ultima is equivalent to performing full waveform inversion (FWI) and least squares migration (LSM) simultaneously, using raw seismic data and modeling the full acoustic wave field.

The main advantage of PGS Ultima is that an accurate model and reflectivity can be derived faster, because simultaneous inversion solves both using the same raw seismic data. PGS can bypass most of the processing steps of a seismic sequence because we are using raw seismic data and the evolution of the products is mutually reinforcing. In addition, there is no leakage between the parameters, so that the two products of the simultaneous inversion are not contaminated with each other, unlike many current industrial approaches.

Yang explains in the First Break article “With a single modeling engine, parameterized in terms of speed and vector reflectivity, the two properties of the Earth are iteratively updated using their appropriate sensitivity kernels based on the theory of reverse diffusion. Vector reflectivity is estimated as the least squares migration of the data domain and is the key to updating the velocity model beyond the maximum penetration depth of refracted and plunging wave energy. ‘

He adds, “With examples from the field, we demonstrate how the new vector reflectivity modeling solution combined with appropriate inversion kernels enables us to meet the long-standing challenge of building full-bandwidth terrestrial models. ”

Synthetic tests validate the simultaneous reversal approach

A modified version of the SEG / EAGE overlap model is used to validate the simultaneous inversion, PGS Ultima. The actual speed, density and reflectivity are shown in A, B and D below. The initial velocity model is given in C and the output of PGS Ultima is given in E and F. PGS Ultima has correctly solved the velocity model and correctly positioned the reflectors and estimated the reflectivity and the output compares very well with the real ones examples in A and D.

Example of synthetic test of the model of overlap SEG / EAGE. Models of actual speed (A) and density (B). Model of initial velocity (C) and true vertical reflectivity (D). Inverted vertical reflectivity (E) and simultaneous inversion speed (F).

The performance of the new simultaneous reversal is shown in two sample field data below. In both examples, a simple muzzle velocity model is used and zero reflectivity. There is minimal pre-processing.

Gulf of Mexico Case Study | Provide accurate speed models and reliable amplitudes

The first example comes from the deep waters of the Gulf of Mexico, in the De Soto Canyon region. GeoStreamer data was acquired with a maximum offset of 12 km. All of the recorded data, i.e. the entire wave field, was used for the inversion.

In the example below, A shows the initial velocity model and C shows the reflectivity of the first iteration of the inversion, which is equivalent to an RTM image using the starting velocity model. Because the data contained multiples, crosstalk artifacts are seen in the RTM image and are indicated by the yellow oval.

The results after several simultaneous inversion iterations are shown in B and D. The PGS Ultima models clearly show higher resolution and reduced crosstalk in the final reflectivity model.

Example of De Soto Canyon terrain data. Initial (A) and reverse (B) speed models. Vertical reflectivity of the first iteration (C) and final reverse vertical reflectivity (D). Note the reduction in crosstalk as indicated by the yellow oval.


Campos Case Study | PGS Ultima resolves sharp drops and accurately images the target area

The second field example comes from a deep water environment in the Campos basin, off Brazil. Although the maximum online offset in the survey is 10 km, the water column of more than 3 km makes it difficult to update deep targets using the refracted energy. Simultaneous reversal was applied to the total pressure data using full records (i.e. without event selection). The slider images below show the vertical reflectivity patterns corresponding to the first and last iteration of the inversion. Speed ​​updates extend beyond the maximum penetrating depth of diving waves.

It’s important to remember that minimal pre-processing is applied before reversing, which greatly improves the time it takes to achieve this result compared to traditional workflows.

Amplitudes are much better balanced over the entire section on the PGS Ultima image. This is not only due to an improved speed model, but also the reverse reflectivity which compensates for any incomplete data missing from the acquisition pattern and geometric lens effects causing variable lighting in the basement.

There is an improvement in the resolution of the Shallow Rift system and an improvement in the consistency of the deep reflectors in the mini-basin and steep salt flanks. The top arrow indicates a finely bedded sedimentary unit truncated by faults. The middle arrows on the far left and far right highlight steeply sloping salt flanks and the lower arrows are located closer to the target range where carbonates are present above and below salt.

Comparison of images of the Campos basin. Vertical reflectivity of the first iteration (left) compared to the final reverse vertical reflectivity of PGS Ultima. The top arrow indicates a finely bedded sedimentary unit truncated by faults. The middle arrows on the far left and far right highlight the steeply sloping salt flanks. The lower arrows are located closer to the target range where carbonates are present above and below the salt.

The last example below is a 3.4 km depth slice through the Campos dataset. On the left side, the initial migration is covered by the starting speed model. This model is relatively invariant laterally, with the exception of the salt responses, represented by the color red. On the right side, the reverse reflectivity is covered by the reverse velocity model of PGS Ultima. Looking at the results from PGS Ultima on the right, it is evident that the reverse velocity model contains much more resolution and conforms well to reflectivity without reflectivity being imposed.

The geometry of the saline bodies in the center and to the right has been updated from the original model and the underlying reverse reflectivity is both higher resolution and better spatially balanced in terms of amplitude.

The PGS Ultima Velocity model appears consistent with reflectivity.


Position targets with precision with PGS Ultima

PGS believes that it is possible to reduce the project turnaround time by at least 50% by using PGS Ultima.

The results demonstrate that while the velocity model is iteratively updated, an accurate estimate of the earth’s reflectivity is generated simultaneously. FWI and LSM can be run together as a single inversion workflow using minimally processed data. Simultaneous reversal reduces turnaround time for model building and imaging projects and eliminates the need for tedious manual interpretation, especially in complex geological settings. PGS Ultima solves these challenges by transforming traditional processing and imaging workflows into a data-driven approach that provides precise velocity patterns and reflectivity using simultaneous inversion.


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How AI Can Help Therapists Improve Therapy https://infiweb.org/how-ai-can-help-therapists-improve-therapy/ Sat, 18 Dec 2021 10:32:29 +0000 https://infiweb.org/how-ai-can-help-therapists-improve-therapy/ The COVID-19 pandemic has taken a toll on the physical and mental well-being of humanity. The side effects of the impact have led to an increase in the number of people seeking help to cope with illness, unemployment and social isolation, all in an increasingly fast-paced and pressured world. However, the digital revolution that has […]]]>

The COVID-19 pandemic has taken a toll on the physical and mental well-being of humanity. The side effects of the impact have led to an increase in the number of people seeking help to cope with illness, unemployment and social isolation, all in an increasingly fast-paced and pressured world. However, the digital revolution that has transformed many aspects of our daily lives has yet to truly emerge in behavioral health care. Complementing therapy, AI and machine learning now appear to have the potential to revolutionize the way we diagnose and treat mental health issues. Soon, algorithms could become our first line of defense against mental health issues that can be debilitating for many.

How can AI help?

Researchers are now pioneering a new approach to mental health care in which an AI analyzes the language used during therapy sessions. An automated form of quality control is becoming increasingly essential to help therapists meet demand. Natural language processing, also known as NLP, identifies which parts of a conversation between therapist and client and what types of utterances and exchanges seem to be most effective in treating different disorders. Understanding the therapy’s most essential ingredients could help open the door to more personalized mental health care, allowing physicians to tailor psychiatric treatments to specific clients that are essential when prescribing drugs.

Machine Learning Developers Summit 2022. Last Day To Book Early Bird Passes>>

Machine learning techniques that perform machine translation from sessions allow large amounts of the language to be analyzed quickly. This gives researchers access to an endless and untapped source of data: language therapists. The researchers also believe that they can use the information from the processed data to improve the treatment and its results. It can make more people get better and heal quickly.

Work

At the start, a few hundred transcripts are hand annotated to form the NLP patterns, emphasizing the role therapists and clients’ words play at this point in the session. The technology works similar to a sentiment analysis algorithm that can distinguish and tell whether movie reviews are positive or negative. Then, the AI ​​translates the natural language into a sort of barcode or fingerprint of a therapy session that reveals the full role played by different utterances. For example, a fingerprint for a session can show how much time was spent in constructive therapy versus general conversations. Such reading can help therapists focus more on the former in building future sessions. AI techniques could also help potential clients connect with therapists and determine what types of therapy will work best for them.

What else?

A virtual therapist named Ellie has also been launched and tested by the Institute for Creative Technologies (ICT) at the University of Southern California. Ellie was originally designed to treat veterans suffering from depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. It can detect words and non-verbal cues like facial expressions, gestures and different postures. Nonverbal cues are an important aspect of therapy, but they can be subtle and difficult to perceive. Ellie’s creators argued that this virtual human can advance mental health and improve diagnostic accuracy.

See also

A few psychologists argue that humans might find it easier to share potentially embarrassing information with a virtual therapist, while in human-to-human interactions there often seems to be some degree of restraint. It has been observed that when patients talk to a therapy robot, they report not feeling judged. Therapists, on the other hand, can discuss AI-generated feedback for further improvements. The idea is to help therapists take control of their professional development, showing them what they are good at, things other therapists can learn from, and a few of them are not very good. in areas they might want to work on.

In summary

While AI for mental health still faces many complexities, research shows that behavioral health interventions benefit from continuity, and technology appears to provide an improved user experience. Additionally, as the human brain is complex with its own set of challenges, collecting data from behavioral health sessions in a consistent, measurable, and accessible manner will be essential for better care and better outcomes in the future. close.

Victor Dey

Victor is an aspiring Data Scientist and holds a Master of Science in Data Science & Big Data Analytics. He is a researcher, data science influencer and also a former college football player. A great connoisseur of new developments in data science and artificial intelligence, he is committed to developing the data science community.


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Refocusing on Legal Work Options is the Next Logical Step for Biden on Immigration Law Enforcement: Daniel Chand https://infiweb.org/refocusing-on-legal-work-options-is-the-next-logical-step-for-biden-on-immigration-law-enforcement-daniel-chand/ Fri, 17 Dec 2021 10:30:00 +0000 https://infiweb.org/refocusing-on-legal-work-options-is-the-next-logical-step-for-biden-on-immigration-law-enforcement-daniel-chand/ KENT, Ohio – Earlier this year Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas issued a memo ending raids on workplaces where Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) suspects undocumented immigrants to be employed. Ending ICE’s little-known public-private partnership (PPP) called ICE Mutual Agreement between Government and Employers (IMAGE) and making it easier to legally hire workers would be […]]]>

KENT, Ohio – Earlier this year Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas issued a memo ending raids on workplaces where Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) suspects undocumented immigrants to be employed.

Ending ICE’s little-known public-private partnership (PPP) called ICE Mutual Agreement between Government and Employers (IMAGE) and making it easier to legally hire workers would be the next logical step. New research shows the program offers no public safety benefit.

With IMAGE, ICE provides training for employers aimed at deterring and preventing the use of fraudulent identification documents and encourages employers to notify if they suspect someone is undocumented. In return, IMAGE offers participating companies several advantages.

First, ICE waives fines for hiring undocumented workers if violations are discovered.

IMAGE fits perfectly into the law enforcement strategy of immigration attrition by law enforcement. By making life and work here difficult, these types of programs aim to encourage undocumented workers to leave voluntarily. Notably, these programs focus the application on immigrants rather than the companies that hire them.

Immigration-related prosecutions are already rare. According to the Duke Law School prosecution register, there were only 16 immigration prosecutions against companies under the Trump administration. At the same time, thousands of people are being deported or prosecuted for entering the country without permission.

Although IMAGE has been around since 2006, my study is the first to examine its effectiveness and possible unintended consequences. For example, these partnerships between employers and ICE could allow ICE to make more arrests outside of workplace raids.

To test this idea, I got the names and locations of all IMAGE employers. As of September 2018, when the ICE released the information, there were 566 IMAGE agreements in 204 counties nationwide.

Communities with businesses participating in IMAGE are much more likely to experience community arrests, my findings confirmed. Yet these increased arrests are not associated with increased crime rates. Instead, IMAGE isolates employers and puts pressure on undocumented workers.

In practice, this resembles the raids of June 19, 2018, when ICE agents traveled to three meat processing plants in Ohio, arresting 146 people. All three factories were operated by Fresh Mark, one of IMAGE’s pioneer partners.

These arrests have devastating effects on families and communities. The American Psychological Association says these enforcement measures have a destabilizing effect in immigrant homes and cause psychological trauma for the children of immigrants.

I recently spoke with Sister Rene Weeks of St. Paul’s Catholic Church in Salem, who assisted families affected by the Fresh Mark raids. His description of the consequences of the events corresponds to the conclusions of the APA.

“We had a family of five without their parents,” recalls Sister Weeks. “I remember the youngest child being inconsolably upset, shouting ‘Where’s mom?’ We tried to comfort her, but there was nothing we could do.

Many of those arrested were documented immigrants with legal permission to work, Sister Weeks explained. They just didn’t have their papers with them at the time.

Some of the immigrants Sister Weeks helped after the 2018 raid then returned to work at the factory. This may come as a surprise, but it reflects the American economy’s need for immigrant workers.

Data released this month by the Bureau of Labor Statistics showed about 10.4 million job openings nationwide, but only 7.4 million unemployed. There are more jobs than unemployed people in 42 states.

Extending guest worker visas and creating a long-term path to citizenship (something Congress was about to pass before) could kill two birds with one stone. By making it easier to legally hire workers, fewer companies will turn to unauthorized workers.

Fundamentally, programs that only target immigrant workers cannot meet the needs of communities across the country.

The Biden administration will do well to build on its momentum by replacing programs like IMAGE with legal immigration options.

Daniel Chand is Associate Professor at Kent State University and author of “Explaining the problematic IMAGE of ICE: a public-private partnership in immigration policy», Published by the Growth and Opportunity Center at Utah State University.

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* Email general questions about our Editorial Board or comments or corrections on this Opinion Column to Elizabeth Sullivan, Opinion Director, at esullivan@cleveland.com.


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McMenamins affected by ransomware attack; chain claims customer data seems secure but employee information is at risk https://infiweb.org/mcmenamins-affected-by-ransomware-attack-chain-claims-customer-data-seems-secure-but-employee-information-is-at-risk/ Thu, 16 Dec 2021 04:41:00 +0000 https://infiweb.org/mcmenamins-affected-by-ransomware-attack-chain-claims-customer-data-seems-secure-but-employee-information-is-at-risk/ Portland’s McMenamins hotel and brewery chain was hit by a ransomware attack that left several of its computer systems inoperative. Intruders may have accessed some of its employee records, the company said Wednesday evening, but appears to have left customer data intact. McMenamins said he identified and blocked the attack on Sunday. The chain did […]]]>

Portland’s McMenamins hotel and brewery chain was hit by a ransomware attack that left several of its computer systems inoperative. Intruders may have accessed some of its employee records, the company said Wednesday evening, but appears to have left customer data intact.

McMenamins said he identified and blocked the attack on Sunday. The chain did not say whether it paid a ransom, but said the attack disrupted some systems and operations, although all of its locations are currently open.

The Portland-based company operates 56 hotels, theaters, bars and restaurants in the Northwest, primarily along the Interstate 5 corridor from Eugene to Seattle. Many of its sites are in restored schools, hotels, lodges and theaters.

“Cyber ​​criminals deployed malware that locked down company systems and prevented access to critical information,” McMenamins said in an announcement Wednesday night. “The family business has reported the incident to the FBI and is also working with a cybersecurity firm to identify the source and extent of the attack.”

In ransomware attacks, cyber thieves typically take control of an organization’s computer systems, blocking access or threatening to disclose private information unless they receive a ransom payment.

McMenamins said all of its properties remained open, but the attack took email and credit card scanners offline, forcing the company to resort to alternative payment systems. The channel said that a separate payment processing service manages customers’ payment information and said there was “no indication” the attack breached those systems.

Employee data, however, “may have been compromised.” These records potentially include workers’ names, addresses, email addresses, phone numbers, birthdays, social security numbers, and bank account information.

McMenamins said he will offer identity protection services to employees as he works to determine the extent of the attack. The company had 3,000 employees at the start of the pandemic; it did not immediately respond to inquiries about the current size of its workforce on Wednesday evening.

“What makes this violation particularly disheartening is that it adds further to the strain and hardship our employees have endured over the past two years,” said Brian McMenamin, a family member who owns the business. “We ask our customers to grant our employees an additional grace as we make temporary adjustments to the way we process transactions and reservations, given the impacts on our systems of this breach. We hope this holiday season marks a positive turning point for all of us and appreciate the patience and understanding of our loyal customers and partners. “

This week, businesses large and small are scrambling to respond to a vulnerability in the Apache log4j logging package, obscure software that is nonetheless ubiquitous in all manner of corporate computer systems and internet-connected devices. The so-called zero-day vulnerability is particularly alarming because it was exposed publicly before a software patch became widely available.

It is not clear whether the McMenamins attack was related to this vulnerability.

Hacking into corporate systems and ransomware attacks have become more and more frequent in recent years, often attributed to cybercriminals working overseas. This makes it particularly difficult for authorities to investigate such intrusions and hold thieves to account.

Notable attacks from Oregon include a breach of Burgerville’s payment systems in 2019 and a hack into children’s clothing retailer Hanna Anderson reported in 2020.

Such intrusions rarely result in widespread losses for customers, but put individual customers at increased risk of fraud. And attacks can produce costly disruption for businesses, especially small businesses without the knowledge or resources to effectively protect against intrusions or recover afterwards.

– Mike Rogoway | mrogoway@oregonian.com | Twitter: @rogoway |



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UAE gears up for implementation of landmark personal data protection law https://infiweb.org/uae-gears-up-for-implementation-of-landmark-personal-data-protection-law/ Tue, 14 Dec 2021 12:58:58 +0000 https://infiweb.org/uae-gears-up-for-implementation-of-landmark-personal-data-protection-law/ The DPL will grant data subjects a number of rights over their personal data, including the right to access their personal data held by a controller, to request the transfer of their personal data, to have their data amended or erased. personal data, to restrict the processing of their personal data in certain cases, and […]]]>

The DPL will grant data subjects a number of rights over their personal data, including the right to access their personal data held by a controller, to request the transfer of their personal data, to have their data amended or erased. personal data, to restrict the processing of their personal data in certain cases, and to oppose automated processing – and certain types of data processing such as marketing.

Data controllers will be required to communicate with data subjects and will need to appoint a Data Protection Officer (DPO) to comply with the law.

An organization will need to clearly explain to data subjects why their personal data is collected and processed, and may only use personal data for marketing purposes with the consent of the data subjects.

Organizations will also need to provide a “opt-out” method for data subjects to withdraw their consent, and will be required to limit the processing of their data, ensuring that they do not collect more data than necessary for the purpose they have indicated. .

The DPL defines how companies should perform personal data protection impact assessments when using modern technologies that present potential risks to the privacy and confidentiality of data subjects.

Like the EU GDPR, the UAE DPL will have extraterritorial scope, applying to all UAE organizations that process the personal data of individuals inside or outside the United Arab Emirates. country.

It will also apply to organizations established outside the UAE that process the data of individuals inside the UAE.

Government data, on the other hand, as well as government and judicial bodies that control and process personal data, will be exempt from the DPA.

The law will also not apply to personal health data governed by the ICT Health Act, personal banking data that is already regulated separately, and businesses in UAE free zones that have pre-existing laws on protection of personal data – like Abu Dhabi Global Market.

Doshi said: “Due to this new regime, all companies operating in the United Arab Emirates, or which are based outside the United Arab Emirates but process the personal data of data subjects located in the United Arab Emirates, will have to evaluate their activities and make changes to align with the new Data Protection Act as soon as possible ”.

In addition, a new “UAE data office”, which will regulate and update the DPL, will have the power to exempt other organizations that do not process large amounts of personal data.

The office will be responsible for preparing data protection policies, overseeing the application of federal legislation regulating personal data, and approving complaints and grievances systems.

It will also publish guidelines for authorities on how to implement data protection law.

From January 2, data controllers and processors will have six months to ensure their operations comply with the new law.

Sanctions for breaches are not included in current legislation but will be specified in future executive regulations.

It is not yet clear whether the regulations will give the UAE Data Bureau and courts the power to impose fines and other sanctions at their discretion.


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